A hydrocele is a fluid-filled sac surrounding a testicle that results in swelling of the scrotum, the loose bag of skin underneath the penis. Hydrocele is present at birth in about 1 in every 10 male infants; however, within the first year of life, this condition usually disappears without treatment. Because of inflammation or injury within the scrotum, men that are older than 40 could also develop hydrocele.
In most cases, hydroceles ... more
The condition in which someone has a slower than normal heart rate is called bradycardia. In an adult at rest, the normal heart rate is between 60 to 100 beats every minute. The heart beats are less than 60 times a minute if a person has this condition.
Although in some people bradycardia doesn’t cause any symptoms or complications, but if the heart doesn’t pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body, bradycardia could be a ... more
The inflammation and thinning of the vaginal walls due to a decline in estrogen is a condition called vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis). Vaginal atrophy usually grows during breast-feeding or takes place after menopause, or at any other time the body’s estrogen production declines.
Vaginal intercourse is painful for many women with vaginal atrophy naturally leading to a lack of interest in sex. Additionally, healthy genital ... more
The kidney is a small organ about the size of the fist, shaped like a bean.
Each one on one side of the spine, kidneys are located behind the abdominal organs. Kidneys can sometimes develop cancer just like other major organs in the body.
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. In the cells that line the small tubes within the kidneys is where it begins.
On the other hand, children are more ... more
The bacterial throat infection that can make someone’s throat feel sore and scratchy is known as strep throat. Strep throat makes up only a small portion of sore throats, because in most cases, viruses are the cause of sore throats that usually go away on their own.
The diagnosis of strep throat is quite important. Rheumatic fever and kidney inflammation are some of the complications that an untreated strep throat may cause. ... more
Paranoid schizophrenia is one of several types of schizophrenia, a chronic mental illness in which a patient interprets reality in an abnormal manner (psychosis). A paranoid schizophrenic may believe things that are untrue (delusions) and hear things that have no basis in reality (auditory hallucinations).
Still, a paranoid schizophrenic has a better ability to think and function in daily life than other types of ... more