When fungi infect a person’s nail, they cause nail fungal infection called onychomycosis, this infection might start under the tip of the nails of fingers and toes appearing as a yellow or white spot. The nail may become discolored; thickened; and may develop crumbling edges, an unsightly and potentially problem, in case the nail fungus spreads deeper into the nail.
Medications are available to clear up nail fungus but ... more
A potentially serious bacterial infection transmitted to humans by tick bites is called Rocky Mountain spotted fever. The disease was first identified in the Rocky Mountain region. When an infected tick attaches to the skin and feeds on one's blood, Rocky Mountain spotted fever occurs. The infection has the potential to spread to the bloodstream and other areas of the body.
This disease doesn't spread directly from one person to ... more
Amyloid protein is an abnormal protein produced by cells in the bone marrow that can be deposited in any tissue or organ. When this amyloid protein builds up in the organs, amyloidosis occurs, which is a rare and potentially fatal disease.
The exact cause of amyloidosis is still unknown, and even though it has no cure, there are therapies that help a person manage their symptoms and limit the production of amyloid protein.
There are ... more
Healthy brain tissue degenerates in Alzheimer’s disease, causing a steady decline in memory and mental abilities.
It is the most common cause of dementia, which is the loss of intellectual and social abilities that is severe enough to interfere with daily functioning. It is not a part of normal aging and the risk of this disorder increases with age. Although only about 5% of the people between 65 and 74 have Alzheimer's disease, ... more
Due to overuse, irritation or infection, laryngitis may occur, which is an inflammation of the voice box (larynx). The vocal cords, which are two folds of mucous membrane covering muscle and cartilage, are located inside the larynx.
The vocal cords open and close smoothly in normal cases, forming sounds through their movement and vibration. These vocal cords become inflamed and irritated in laryngitis. The swelling will cause ... more
Medically known as tension-type headache, it is one of the most common types of headache, but its causes are not yet identified precisely. Generally, it is a mild to moderate distributed pain, which gives the feeling of a tight band around the head, as per the testimony of many patients.
Judging by the nature of the pain, one can assume that muscle contractions are the cause of the pain, but experts disagree with this opinion. ... more