Clostridium botulinum is a bacterium that produces a toxin which causes botulism. The toxins produced by this bacterium are among the most poisonous substances. Although this condition is rare, but it is very serious.
Botulism comes in three main forms:
This condition usually occurs between the ages of 6 weeks and 6 months and it is the most common form of botulism. It ... more
ALL (Acute lymphocytic leukemia) is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow, which is the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. In acute lymphocytic leukemia, the "acute" refers to the fact that the disease affects immature blood cells and progresses rapidly. Lymphocytic refers to the white blood cells, which are called lymphocytes that this condition affects.
Treatments for acute lymphocytic leukemia ... more
The longest nerve in the body, which is called the sciatic nerve, runs from the spinal cord to the buttock and hip area and down the back of each leg. The pain that radiates along the path of this nerve is called sciatica.
Sciatica is a symptom of another problem that involves the nerve, such as a herniated disk; it isn't a disease in itself. The pain of acute sciatica, which could be considerably uncomfortable, usually ... more
The thyroid, which is a small gland located at the base of the neck below the Adam's apple, is affected by Hashimoto's disease. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system, which produces hormones that coordinate many of the activities of the body.
The immune system attacks the thyroid gland in Hashimoto's disease, which is also called chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. The inflammation that results usually ... more
When a single ulcer occurs in someone’s rectum and causes signs and symptoms such as rectal bleeding with straining when the person passes bowel movements, it means that they have solitary rectal ulcer syndrome.
This is a rare disorder that occurs in people with chronic constipation or those who've had injury to their rectum. This syndrome can be recurrent, and in some cases, it may cause more than one lesion, or lesions that are ... more
The condition in which raised, red lines are caused in the places where a person scratches his/her skin is called dermatographia. Dermatographia causes redness, itching and swelling similar to hives, making the person ill at ease, despite the fact that it’s not serious.
A person may be recommended taking antihistamines in case his/her symptoms are severe and bothersome. But in most cases, there’s no need for ... more