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Intestinal obstruction is a blockage of the small intestine or colon that prevents food and fluid from passing through. This obstruction can result from several condition, but it’s most frequently the outcome of fibrous bands of tissue in the intestine (adhesions), hernias or tumors.
Intestinal obstruction can cause an array of uncomfortable signs and symptoms, such as swelling, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain. Intestinal obstruction can result in the blocked parts of the intestine to die (become necrotic) when it isn’t promptly treated.
This tissue death can lead to perforation of the intestine, shock and severe infection. However, with prompt medical care, intestinal obstruction can usually be successfully treated.
Prepared by: Scientific Section
The following are signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction:
Several conditions can result from intestinal obstruction. The causes usually vary, yet, depending on whether the obstruction occurs in the small intestine or in the colon.
The following are other reasons:
Mechanical obstruction of the colon
The following are less common causes of intestinal obstruction in the colon:
Intestinal obstruction when isn’t promptly treated can result in serious, life-threatening complications. As one’s intestine becomes congested, it’s ability to absorb food and fluids decreases. Reduced absorption may result in vomiting, dehydration and finally in shock that may result in kidney failure.
Peritonitis may result in one to go into shock. The following are signs and symptoms of shock:
Hospitalization is required for the treatment of intestinal obstruction. When one arrives at the hospital, the doctors will first stabilize the medical condition. This includes giving the fluids through an intravenous (IV) line, putting a nasogastric (NG) tube through the nose and into the stomach to suck air and fluid out to allow the intestines to decompress, and placing a thin, flexible tube (catheter) into the bladder to drain urine.
Dr. Faisal Dibsi
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