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Indications:

The primary indication of trifluoperazine is schizophrenia. Other official indications may vary country by country, but generally it is also indicated for use in agitation and patients with behavioural problems, severe nausea and vomiting as well as severe anxiety. Its use in many parts of the world has declined because of highly frequent and severe early and late tardive dyskinesia, a type of extrapyramidal symptom.

Contraindications:

Trifluoperazine is contraindicated in CNS depression, coma, and blood dyscrasias. Trifluoperazine should be used with caution in patients suffering from renal or hepatic impairment.

Adverse reactions:

it may cause akathisia, dystonia, and Parkinsonism. It is also more likely to cause somnolence and anticholinergic side effects such as blurred vision and xerostomia (dry mouth). All phenothiazines can cause the rare and sometimes fatal neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Trifluoperazine can lower the seizure threshold. The antimuscarinic action of trifluoperazine can cause excessive dilation of the pupils (mydriasis), which increases the chances of patients with hyperopia developing glaucoma.

Interactions:

Phenothiazines may diminish the effect of oral anticoagulants. Concomitant administration of propranolol with phenothiazines results in increased plasma levels of both drugs. Phenothiazines may lower the convulsive threshold; dosage adjustment of anticonvulsants may be necessary. Potentiation of anticonvulsant effects does not occur. However, it has been reported that phenothiazines may interfere with the metabolism of phenytoin and thus precipitate phenytoin toxicity. Drugs which lower the seizure threshold, including phenothiazine derivatives, should not be used with metrizamide. As with other phenothiazine derivatives, trifluoperazine should be discontinued at least 48 hours before myelography, should not be resumed for at least 24 hours post procedure, and should not be used for the control of nausea and vomiting occurring either prior to myelography or post procedure

Warnings:

Patients who have demonstrated a hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., blood dyscrasias, jaundice) with a phenothiazine should not be re-exposed to any phenothiazine, including trifluoperazine, unless, in the judgement of the physician, the potential benefits of treatment outweigh the possible hazard. Trifluoperazine may impair mental and/or physical abilities, especially during the first few days of therapy. Therefore, patients should be cautioned about activities requiring alertness (e.g., operating vehicles or machinery). If agents such as sedatives, narcotics, anesthetics, tranquilizers or alcohol are used either simultaneously or successively with trifluoperazine, the possibility of an undesirable additive depressant effect should be considered.

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