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Indications:

It is a vaccine, which is a type of medicine that helps to protect (immunise) people from certain infectious diseases. It does this by preparing the body’s defences to fight the infection, before you catch the bacteria or virus. It is usually recommended for use in babies and young children from 6 weeks to 9 years of age. Prevenar is a mixture of the outer sugar coating (polysaccharide) from 7 different strains or serotypes of bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae. Each serotype is joined to a non-toxic protein to make it work more effectively in babies and young children. Prevenar is not recommended for use in adults or in children older than 9 years of age. Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria are one of the causes of * meningitis (a serious brain infection that could cause death or brain damage) * bacteraemia (infection of the blood) * pneumonia * otitis media (an ear infection that can cause pain and temporary hearing loss and may require your child to have an ear operation). Prevenar can protect against 7 of the strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae that can cause these diseases. Prevenar does not replace the need for vaccination with Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), a vaccine that protects against another important cause of meningitis. Your child cannot catch any of the above diseases from the vaccine itself, because it is not made with live or whole bacteria. The chance of a severe reaction from Prevenar is very small and the risks from not being vaccinated with Prevenar can be very serious. As with all vaccines, 100% protection against the above diseases cannot be guaranteed.

Contraindications:

Don’t give your child this medicine if there are symptoms of an allergic reaction that may include: shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing. swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body. rash, itching or hives on the skin.

Adverse reactions:

Tell your doctor or clinic nurse if you notice any of the following and they worry you: Your child feels pain, discomfort or tenderness at the injection site. You notice a rash, redness, swelling or a lump at the injection site. These side effects usually last for only a few hours and should not require treatment. If your baby or child has any of these side effects after one vaccination, he/she will possibly have the same reaction after the next dose of the medicine. Other side effects that may occur are: * Fever of more than 38 degrees C A single dose of paracetamol may be needed to reduce fever. Crying. Irritability. Drowsiness. Restless sleep. Decreased appetite. Vomiting and diarrhoea. Tell your doctor immediately or go to accident and emergency at your nearest hospital if you notice your child is experiencing any of the following rare side effects. Allergic reaction such as rash, itching, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty in breathing. Seizures. Temporary interruptions in breathing. In most reported cases of temporary interruptions in breathing, Prevenar was given at the same time as other vaccines. Also, in most cases, there was an existing medical condition such as previous history of interruption in breathing, infection, prematurity and/or seizure. These are serious side effects. Your child may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.

Interactions:

Do not mix it with any other vaccine or product in the same syringe or vial. it may be given concurrently at different injection sites with it (Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine. immune globulin.

Warnings:

You must tell the doctor or nurse * if you suspect or know that your child may be allergic to anything, including foods, any medicines or other vaccines * if your child has had a reaction to an earlier dose of Prevenar vaccine * if your child has any bleeding problems * if your child has a previous history of interruption in breathing after any vaccination. In very rare cases, the doctor or nurse may decide that the risk of a further reaction may outweigh the benefits of immunisation. Tell your doctor if your baby was born premature Vaccination of premature babies can cause apnoea (temporarily stopping breathing). Tell your doctor or clinic nurse if your child is having anti-cancer therapy or has an HIV infection or any other condition that affects their immune response. Prevenar may not be as effective in children with reduced immune responsiveness due to various causes such as these. Tell your doctor or clinic nurse if your child has any other disease. Prevenar may not be suitable for all children with certain diseases.

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Dosage and Administration

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