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Azo-wintomylon

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Indications:

Nalidixic acid is used to treat infections of the urinary tract. nalidixic acid belongs to the group of medicines known as quinolone antibiotics. It works by killing the bacteria and preventing their growth. However, nalidixic acid will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

Contraindications:

Hypersensitivity. History of convulsive disorders or porphyria. Infants <3 mth. Severe renal impairment.

Adverse reactions:

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain; photosensitivity reactions, allergic rash, urticaria, pruritus; visual disturbances, headache, dizziness or vertigo, drowsiness, confusion, depression, excitement, hallucinations, toxic psychoses or convulsions (especially after large doses), intracranial hypertension (especially in infants and young children), metabolic acidosis; peripheral neuropathies, muscular weakness, myalgia; arthralgia, tendon damage; cholestatic jaundice, thrombocytopenia, leucopenia. Potentially Fatal: Erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome; anaphylactoid reactions. Auto-immune haemolytic anaemia (particularly in elderly patients).

Interactions:

Absorption reduced by sucralfate, and divalent and trivalent cations e.g. aluminium, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc. Excretion reduced and plasma concentrations increased with probenecid. Reduced effects with chloramphenicol, nitrofurantoin, tetracycline. Potentially Fatal: Fatal haemorrhagic enterocolitis may occur when used with high-dose melphalan in children. Increased risk of nephrotoxicity with ciclosporin. May increase effects of oral anticoagulants

Warnings:

Hepatic or moderate renal impairment, severe cerebral arteriosclerosis, G6PD deficiency. Monitor blood counts, renal and hepatic function for treatment >2 wk. Children <18 yr. Elderly. Avoid exposure to sunlight or sunlamps. Pregnancy and lactation.

Form:

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Consultants Corner

Dr. Faisal Dibsi

Dr. Faisal Dibsi Specialist of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

Dr. Hani Najjar

Dr. Hani Najjar Pediatrics, Neurology

Dr. Samer Al-Jneidy

Dr. Samer Al-Jneidy Pediatrician

Dr. Tahsin Martini

Dr. Tahsin Martini Degree status: M.D. in Ophthalmology

Dr. Talal Sabouni

Dr. Talal Sabouni UROLOGY AND KIDNEY TRANSPLANT

Samir Moussa M.D.

Samir Moussa M.D. ENT Specialist

Dr . Dirar Abboud

Dr . Dirar Abboud Hepatologist – Gastroenterologist

Yaser Habrawi , F.R.C.S.Ed

Yaser Habrawi , F.R.C.S.Ed Consultant Ophthalmologist

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