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Diaper Rash


Disease: Diaper Rash Diaper Rash
Category: Dermatological diseases

Disease Definition:

A patchwork of bright red skin on the baby’s bottom might be apparent indicating diaper rash which is a typical type of inflamed skin (dermatitis). Diaper rash may develop in most infants at some period, though it is more typically apparent after solid foods are added to the baby’s diet, when either the baby’s taking antibiotics or the breast-feeding mother has eaten certain foods. Ongoing wet or infrequently changed diapers, plastic pants used to cover diapers, and diarrhea might be added among other aspects contributing to diaper rash. Babies are annoyed and parents are alerted at the sight of diaper rash, even though it mostly fades away after a few days with simple home treatments.

Work Group:

Symptoms, Causes


Some of the characteristics of diaper rash are:


Skin symptoms:

The most apparent sign of diaper rash is a red, puffy and tender skin in the diaper area, genitals, thighs and buttocks.


Changes in the baby’s disposition:

The baby might appear to be uncomfortable than he or she often is, particularly during diaper changes. A baby with a diaper rash usually fusses or cries as the diaper region is washed or touched. Diaper rashes could occur intermittently, anytime while the child wears diapers, but they’re more typical in babies throughout their first 15 months, particularly between 8 and 10 months of age.


The followings are among the reasons that may trigger diaper rash:


Irritation from stool and urine:

Exposure to urine or feces for a long period of time could irritate the baby’s sensitive skin. The baby might be more likely to develop diaper rash in case he or she is often having bowel movements, since feces are more irritating than urine.


Introduction of new foods:

In general, when babies are 4 to 12 months old and begin to eat solid foods, the content of their stool changes, raising the risk of diaper rash. Changes in the baby’s diet could additionally raise the frequency of stools that could contribute to diaper rash. In case the mother is breast-feeding, her baby might develop diaper rash in reaction to something she has eaten, like tomato-based foods.


Irritation from a new product:

A new brand of disposable diaper, disposable wipes or a detergent, or a fabric softener or bleach used to launder cloth diapers could all irritate the baby’s delicate bottom. Ingredients that exist in certain baby lotions, oils and powders might additionally be included among other substances.


Bacterial or yeast (fungal) infection:

Whatever starts as a simple skin infection might spread to the area around it covered by a diaper including the genitals, buttocks and thighs; these parts are particularly vulnerable since they’re warm and moist, making a perfect breeding ground for yeast and bacteria. In general, these rashes begin within the creases of the skin and there might be red dots scattered around the creases.


Sensitive skin:

Diaper rashes might be more apparent in babies suffering from a skin condition, like atopic dermatitis or eczema. Yet, the irritated skin of atopic dermatitis and eczema initially affects regions other than the diaper region.


Chafing or rubbing:

Tight fitting diapers or clothing that rub against the skin could contribute to a rash.


Use of antibiotics:

Antibiotics kill bacteria, both bad and good ones, and yeast infections could occur without the right balance of good bacteria. This could occur as babies take antibiotics or when their mothers who are breast-feeding their infants are taking antibiotics.





Keeping the baby’s skin as clean and dry as possible is the best treatment for diaper rash. In case diaper rash persists in spite of home treatment, an antifungal cream or possibly a mild hydrocortisone cream might be prescribed to treat it. This condition often needs many days to get better and could last for weeks. In case the rash remains even after using the prescribed treatment, contacting a dermatologist might a good idea. Creams that contain steroids should be used only when the baby’s pediatrician or dermatologist recommends them, because additional problems may result from strong steroids or frequent use.


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