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Our Decisions: Controlled By Logic or Greed?


Our Decisions: Controlled By Logic or Greed?

(ePharmaNews) - If you give a child the decision to choose one of two things; either playing alone with a ball in the backyard or waiting until the rain stops then going to the park to play with his friends, which one will he choose?

When it comes to achieve a goal, the human mind tries to build a comprehensive picture about this goal which includes the possibility of achieving it, its importance and its benefits, depending on the balance of these factors the decision will be made either to go for it or to withdraw from the whole idea


However a new study, published yesterday in PLoS one journal, showed that if the decision has consequences, the human mind naturally tends to move towards the possible option, not the most useful one.
This new research would answer our previous question, and may even carry a logical explanation for that.


In a study conducted by a research team from British Columbia University in Canada, a simple test has been designed, and twenty people have been subjected to two choices, one is easily achievable with trivial gains, while the other is difficult to achieve, but with major benefits.
The study aims to identify the method of decision-making, leading to select one of the available options, and also to identify the bias which may control the person thinking when the probability of the decision-making is equal.


Experts believe that this logic is needed to understand the integrity of brain structures, and in the case of a good understanding, it may be possible to predict problems that some psychiatric patients will suffer from.
“This simple test provides a robust measure of discriminative value thresholds and biases in decisions under risk. Prospect theory can also make predictions about decisions when subjective perception of reward or probability is anomalous, as may occur in populations with dopaminergic or striatal dysfunction, such as Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia” Madeleine E. Sharp the lead author said.


This means that person by nature tends to achieve his desires and ambitions just to feel that it is possible, and here it is possible to say that when it comes to an important risky issue, he does not rush unless he is quite sure that his goal is achievable regardless of how much he will gain.


اضغط هنا للقراءة باللغة العربية

Prepared by: Houssam Nahhas
Translated by: Marcell Shehwaro


Source :

ePharmaNews






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