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Lifestyle Changes and Chemical Treatment can Prevent Diabetes

Lifestyle Changes and Chemical Treatment can Prevent Diabetes

Although an effective treatment for diabetes is yet to be discovered, scientists have finally found a means of preventing the development of this disease in people with high risk state for type 2 diabetes. The key is an early treatment that cures or delays the development of diabetes, as unique study suggests.

Type 2 diabetes patients experience a phase where blood glucose levels are higher than average, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. This phase is known as “prediabetes”. People with “prediabetes” (a high risk state for overt type 2 diabetes) who experience a period of normal glucose regulation are 56% less likely to develop diabetes 5~7 years later.

The study was presented at the American Diabetes Association 72nd Scientific Sessions on, and published Online First in The Lancet.

Statistics show that about one third of the Americans are experiencing prediabetes, and that 11% of them develop diabetes every year. Thus, these results have significance in identifying strategies to prevent diabetes because they suggest that early treatment to lower blood glucose levels to normal levels in people experiencing prediabetes might be effective in preventing the disease from developing whether these strategies were chemical treatment, diet, or lifestyle changes.

The study included more than three thousand people experiencing prediabetes. Earlier studies on the same people found that lifestyle change interventions, along with chemical treatment, can significantly decrease the risk for developing type 2 diabetes later on. Recent analysis of the available data found that people who have successfully reduced blood glucose levels to normal after applying the previously mentioned interventions had were very less likely to develop diabetes regardless of the intervention type, and even if that reduction in blood glucose levels was temporary.

According to lead author Dr. Leigh Perreault of the University of Colorado, USA: “Results from the present analysis would contend that the strategy is unimportant as long as the intervention is early (when someone has prediabetes) and can restore normal glucose regulation, even if transiently…This analysis draws attention to the significant long-term reduction in diabetes risk when someone with prediabetes returns to normal glucose regulation, supporting a shift in the standard of care to early and aggressive glucose-lowering treatment in patients at highest risk”.

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Prepared by: Basel AlJunaidy

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