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Lung Transplant Patients Can Benifit from Excercise, Study

Lung Transplant Patients Can Benifit from Excercise, Study

(epharmanews)- Doctors have often advised their patients to exercise to prevent some diseases as well as to stay in shape. A new study from Belgium adds overall improvement in lung transplant patients to the benefits of exercise.

The study, published in American Journal of Transplantation, found that lung transplant patients who participated in structured exercise programs had lower risk factors for cardiovascular problems.

Statistics suggest that after a lung transplant surgery, nearly half of the patients develop illnesses such as osteoporosis, high cholesterol levels and diabetes. Ninety percent develop high blood pressure. Dr. Daniel Langer of a University Hospitals in Leuven, Belgium, explains that lung transplant patients often remain inactive after surgery.

“We were keen to explore whether an exercise training intervention would be capable of partially reversing these remaining limitations in muscle function, enabling patients to improve exercise capacity and increase their participation in daily activities.” Langer added.

The study involved 40 patients, average age 59, who have not experienced an complications after single or double lung transplants. They were placed into two random groups. The first group, intervention group consisting of 21 patients, participated in a 3 months program that involved physical exercise such as cycling, walking, stair climbing and resistance exercise three sessions a week after they left hospital and each session was 90 minutes long. While the second group, the control group, did not follow any exercise programs.

Researchers found after one year, the patients in the intervention group were walking an average of 85 minutes a day, plus or minus 27 minutes, while the control group walked an average of 54 minutes a day, plus or minus 30 minutes.

In addition, quadriceps muscle force, how far patients could walk in 6 minutes and self-reported physical functioning were significantly higher in the patients who exercised and blood pressure was significantly lower in the treated patients, the study said.

Our study showed patients who had uncomplicated lung transplant surgery benefitted greatly from supervised exercise training, which was initiated immediately after they were discharged from hospital,” concluded Dr. Langer.

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Prepared by: Nessrin Biram

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