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New Guidelines to Avoid Dangerous Infection in Hospitals: CDC Report

New Guidelines to Avoid Dangerous Infection in Hospitals: CDC Report

(ePharmaNews) – Unlike the expected, hospital and healthcare facilities function as "transmitters" for many resistant diseases, and though most of them have declined significantly, the one caused by C.difficil has reached unprecedented levels of prevalence. CDC has issued new recommendations, which were published in Vital Sign, to control the upcoming hospital epidemic.

C. difficile is linked to about 14,000 U.S. deaths every year. Those most at risk are people who take antibiotics and also receive care in any medical setting. Almost half of infections occur in people younger than 65, but more than 90 percent of deaths occur in people 65 and older.

The antibiotics destroy not only the bad bugs, but also the good ones, which make the intestine a better environment for these dangerous bacteria to overgrow, these germs can be caught from the instruments or nurses and doctors hands which may treating them for a totally different issue.

"C. difficile harms patients just about everywhere medical care is given," said CDC Director Thomas R. Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. "Illness and death linked to this deadly disease do not have to happen. Patient lives can be saved when health care providers follow the 6 Steps to prevention, which include key infection control and smart antibiotic prescribing recommendations."

The recommendations includes encouraging doctors not to overprescribe antibiotics as the latest data indicates that 50 percent of antibiotics prescriptions are unneeded, the center also suggests testing all patients using antibiotics for prolonged periods. Moreover, doctors should wear gloves and take the necessity precautions when treating such patients.

The report highlights three programs showing early success in reducing C. difficile infection rates in hospitals. Seventy-one hospitals in
Illinois, Massachusetts, and New York decreased C. difficile infections by 20 percent in less than two years by following infection control recommendations. These promising results follow similar efforts in England, a nation that dropped C. difficile infections by more than
50 percent during a recent three-year period.

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Prepared by: Mohammed Kanjo

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