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AMA (American Medical Association) Principles of Medical Ethics (2001)


AMA (American Medical Association) Principles of Medical Ethics (2001)

The medical profession has long subscribed to a body of ethical statements developed primarily for the benefit of the patient. As a member of this profession, a physician must recognize responsibility to patients first and foremost, as well as to society, to other health professionals, and to self.

The following Principles adopted by the American Medical Association are not laws, but standards of conduct which define the essentials of honorable behavior for the physician:

 

  • A physician shall be dedicated to providing competent medical care, with compassion and respect for human dignity and rights.
  • A physician shall uphold the standards of professionalism, be honest in all professional interactions, and strive to report physicians deficient in character or competence, or engaging in fraud or deception to appropriate entities.
  • A physician shall respect the law and also recognize a responsibility to seek changes in those requirements which are contrary to the best interests of the patient.
  • A physician shall respect the rights of patients, colleagues, and other health professionals, and shall safeguard patient confidences and privacy within the constraints of the law.
  • A physician shall continue to study, apply, and advance scientific knowledge, maintain a commitment to medical education, make relevant information available to patients, colleagues, and the public, obtain consultation, and use the talents of other health professionals when indicated.
  • A physician shall, in the provision of appropriate patient care, except in emergencies, be free to choose whom to serve, with whom to associate, and the environment in which to provide medical care.
  • A physician shall recognize a responsibility to participate in activities contributing to the improvement of the community and the betterment of public health.
  • A physician shall, while caring for a patient, regard responsibility to the patient as paramount.
  • A physician shall support access to medical care for all people.

 

FOUR BIOETHICAL PRINCIPLES: 
The four bioethical principles have been described as:

 

  1. Autonomy: Respect for the individual and their ability to make decisions with regard to their own health and future. Actions that enhance autonomy are thought of as desirable and actions that 'dwarf' an individual and their autonomy are undesirable.
  2. Beneficence: Actions intended to benefit the patient or others
  3. Non-maleficence: Actions intended not to harm or bring harm to the patient and others.
  4. Justice: Being fair or just to the wider community in terms of the consequences of an action.

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Prepared By: Dr. Mehyar Al-Khashroum
Edited By: Miss  Araz Kahvedjian


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