ePharmapedia ePharmapedia http://www.epharmapedia.com Fri, 14 Aug 2020 20:42:45 +0000 http://www.epharmapedia.com/images/logo.jpg ePharmaPedia.com http://www.epharmapedia.com Autism, Psychiatric diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1459?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1338646420.jpg" alt="Autism" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Autism spectrum disorders is a group of serious developmental problems that appear before the age of three, one of which is autism.These disorders varies in signs, symptoms and severity levels but all autism disorders affect a child's ability to communicate and interact with others.The reason behind the increasing cases of autism could be either a real increase in </td> </tr> </table> Shingles, Infectious diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1457?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1326971350.jpg" alt="Shingles" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The viral infection that causes a painful rash is known as shingles. It usually appears as a band of blisters that wraps from the middle of the back around one side of the chest to the breastbone, but in some cases, the shingles rash may develop around one eye or on one side of the neck or face. However, it could occur anywhere on the body.The same virus that causes chickenpox, </td> </tr> </table> Huntington's Disease, Neurological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1453?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312360962.jpg" alt="Huntington's Disease" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Huntington's disease is an inherited disease that causes certain nerve cells in the brain to waste away. It is a progressive and degenerative disease. A person could experience mental deterioration, uncontrolled movements and emotional disturbances as a result of this disease.Usually, the signs and symptoms of Huntington disease develop in middle age. Children could develop </td> </tr> </table> Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Hodgkin's Disease), Blood diseases and tumors http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1448?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312285866.jpg" alt="Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Hodgkin's Disease)" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system, is called Hodgkin's lymphoma and was formerly known as Hodgkin's disease.The cells in the lymphatic system grow abnormally in Hodgkin's lymphoma and may spread beyond the lymphatic system. As this disease progresses, it will compromise the body's ability to fight infection.One of the two </td> </tr> </table> Thyroid Nodules, Endocrine and metabolic diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1446?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312272544.jpg" alt="Thyroid Nodules" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Thyroid nodules are formations of either solid or fluid lumps in the thyroid gland, which is a small gland located just above the Adam's apple on the neck.A small percentage of thyroid nodules are cancerous, but the rest are not and the patients do not experience any symptoms.A person may not be aware of thyroid nodules until a physician discovers them during a </td> </tr> </table> Hurthle Cell Cancer, Endocrine and metabolic diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1444?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312201296.jpg" alt="Hurthle Cell Cancer" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> A rare form of cancer that affects the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland in the front part of the lower back is called Hurthle cell cancer. The hormones that are essential for regulating the body's metabolism are secreted by the thyroid.Less than 5% of the new cases of thyroid cancer are Hurthle cell cancers. This cancer is also referred to as oxyphil cell carcinoma and Hurthle </td> </tr> </table> Thrombocythemia, Blood diseases and tumors http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1442?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312185978.jpg" alt="Thrombocythemia" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Also known as primary or essential thrombocythemia, Thrombocythemia is a rare disorder in which the body produces too many platelets .Thrombocythemia is more common in women above the age of 50. The disease often doesn't cause any symptoms, but sometimes patients with thrombocythemia develop abnormal blood clots or have mild bleedings.Actually, there is no need </td> </tr> </table> Hypercalcemia, Endocrine and metabolic diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1440?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312106120.jpg" alt="Hypercalcemia" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The condition in which the calcium level in the blood is above normal is called hypercalcemia. Calcium is needed for bone formation, and it plays an important role in contracting muscles, ensuring that the nerves and brain function properly and releasing hormones. However, these processes could be affected by high calcium levels.Overactivity in one or more of the parathyroid glands </td> </tr> </table> Hydrocephalus, Neurological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1438?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312033341.jpg" alt="Hydrocephalus" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> When an obstruction in the brain prevents proper fluid drainage and fluid builds up in the brain, hydrocephalus occurs, which is also known as "water on the brain". Brain damage could result in case the excess fluid compresses the surrounding fragile brain tissue. Hydrocephalus could be fatal when it's left without treatment.Hydrocephalus could be present at birth, or </td> </tr> </table> Thyroid Cancer, Endocrine and metabolic diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1436?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1312013873.jpg" alt="Thyroid Cancer" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Thyroid cancer indicates the presence of a cancerous tumor in the thyroid gland, which is located just below the Adam's apple and is in charge of the regulation of blood pressure, heartbeat rate, temperature and weight, through the hormones that it produces.Thyroid cancer is a less common type of cancer. However, its rate is increasing due to the improvement of technology that </td> </tr> </table> Hydrocele, Genito-urinary diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1434?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311860128.jpg" alt="Hydrocele" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> A hydrocele is a fluid-filled sac surrounding a testicle that results in swelling of the scrotum, the loose bag of skin underneath the penis. Hydrocele is present at birth in about 1 in every 10 male infants; however, within the first year of life, this condition usually disappears without treatment. Because of inflammation or injury within the scrotum, men that are older than 40 could also </td> </tr> </table> Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count), Blood diseases and tumors http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1432?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311844826.jpg" alt="Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Thrombocytopenia refers to the low platelet count in the blood. These platelets are colorless blood cells responsible for the formation of blood clots that prevent bleeding in the case of blood vessel cuts.Different disorders such as leukemia or malfunction of the immune system or a medication side effect may lead to thrombocytopenia. Complications may range from none to severe </td> </tr> </table> Thunderclap Headaches, Neurological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1430?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311769034.jpg" alt="Thunderclap Headaches" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> As the name implies, this kind of headaches occur like a thunderbolt, suddenly and severely; they reach their climax within a minute and take from several hours to sometime more than a week to fade away.It is imperative to seek emergency medical attention in the case of experiencing this rare type of headache, because it is usually a sign of a potentially fatal condition like a </td> </tr> </table> Histoplasmosis, Respiratory diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1428?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311752456.jpg" alt="Histoplasmosis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> In case a person works in or around soil that contains a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum, he/she may get histoplasmosis, which is transmitted through airborne spores that people breathe into their lungs.People who are especially at risk for histoplasmosis are construction workers, people who have contact with bird or bat droppings, landscapers and farmers.Most people </td> </tr> </table> HPV Infection, Infectious diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1426?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311672237.jpg" alt="HPV Infection" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> One of a group of more than 100 related human papillomaviruses cause HPV infection. On a particular part of the body, each type of HPV has the potential to cause an abnormal growth such as plantar warts on the feet, genital warts and other lesions on or near the genitals or anus, warts and other lesions in the mouth and upper respiratory system and common warts of the hands.HPV </td> </tr> </table> Hives and Angioedema, Dermatological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1424?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311596076.jpg" alt="Hives and Angioedema" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Also known as urticaria, hives are raised, red and itchy welts of various sizes, which seem to appear and disappear on the skin. Angioedema, which is a type of swelling, causes large welts deeper in the skin, particularly near the lips and eyes.Hives and angioedema are harmless in most cases, and even without treatment, they don't leave any lasting marks.Antihistamine </td> </tr> </table> TMJ Disorders, Bones, joints, muscles diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1422?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311582489.jpg" alt="TMJ Disorders" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> TMJ is the joint that attaches the jaw to the skull, permitting it to perform its functions in chewing, yawning and talking. TMJ disorders cause pain and tenderness in this joint. Statistics show that women are more susceptible to develop these disorders.Usually, TMJ disorders are treated with self care measures and with nonsurgical treatment or dental and surgical procedures if </td> </tr> </table> Thrombocytosis, Blood diseases and tumors http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1420?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311509614.jpg" alt="Thrombocytosis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Thrombocytosis is also called reactive thrombocytosis and is the case of overproduction of platelets, which are responsible for blood clotting. Both children and adults can have the disease.Reactive thrombocytosis is the result of another initial condition. Often, patients with thrombocytosis don't experience symptoms.Treatment for thrombocytosis depends on the </td> </tr> </table> Horner Syndrome, Neurological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1418?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311495433.jpg" alt="Horner Syndrome" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> When the nerves that travel from the brain to the eyes and face are damaged, a rare disorder known as Horner syndrome occurs.Usually, only one side of the face is affected by Horner syndrome. A drooping eyelid, decreased eye pupil size and decreased sweating on the affected side of the face are some of the characteristics of this syndrome.Horner syndrome is a sign of </td> </tr> </table> Thrombophlebitis, Cardiovascular diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1415?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311419220.jpg" alt="Thrombophlebitis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Thrombophlebitis is the case when a swelling occurs in one or more of the veins, especially the ones in the legs, and less commonly in the arms or neck, as a result of blood clots.This condition usually develops due to immobility for an extended period of time, like bed rest after surgery or travel for a long time in plane. If the affected vein is right under the skin, the case is </td> </tr> </table> Thumb Arthritis, Bones, joints, muscles diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1414?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311408939.jpg" alt="Thumb Arthritis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> When osteoarthritis develops in the joint at the wrist and the base of the thumb , joint), it is a condition called thumb arthritis or basal joint arthritis.This condition may lead to difficulties in performing daily tasks such are turning door knobs, decreased strength and range of motion, pain and swelling.While severe cases need surgery, less intense cases are </td> </tr> </table> Hot Flashes, Gynecological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1412?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311255021.jpg" alt="Hot Flashes" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> At any time, a woman could experience a hot flash, which will leave her sweaty and red-faced. Hot flashes are usually caused by menopause but other hormonal conditions could also cause them. About 3 out of 4 women going through menopause experience them.In case women are tolerating hot flashes well, they don't need to be treated. However, treatments are available in </td> </tr> </table> Hyperhidrosis (Excessive Sweating), Dermatological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1410?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311237812.jpg" alt="Hyperhidrosis (Excessive Sweating)" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The body cools itself by sweating. This is natural and healthy in most cases. However, some people may experience hyperhidrosis, which is frequent or constant excessive sweating.The secretion of sweat in amounts that are greater than needed to cool the body is referred to as hyperhidrosis. Usually, the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and underarms are affected by </td> </tr> </table> Hirsutism, Dermatological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1408?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311150769.jpg" alt="Hirsutism" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The amount of a person's body hair is determined by his/her genetic makeup. A person may have a condition called hirsutism in case she is a woman and develops excessive amounts of coarse and pigmented hair on areas of her body where men typically grow hair, such as the face, chest and back. Hirsutism is a condition of unwanted, male-pattern hair growth in women. </td> </tr> </table> Tinnitus, Ear, nose, larynx diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1406?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311083586.jpg" alt="Tinnitus" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Tinnitus is the ringing or noise in the ears. Statistically, 20% of people have tinnitus, which is in fact not a condition, but a symptom of another initial cause such as an injury to the ear, a disorder in the circulatory system or hearing loss due to aging.Usually, tinnitus is not a sign of a serious condition, even though it is annoying. Symptoms improve with treatment, </td> </tr> </table> Tinea Versicolor, Dermatological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1404?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311074255.jpg" alt="Tinea Versicolor" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Tinea versicolor is characterized by patchy, small discoloration of the skin as a result of a fungal infection. This common disease is also called pityriasis versicolor.This condition, which is likely to recur in humid and warm weather, is treated with special shampoos, lotions and antifungal creams, but skin color does not regain its homogeneity until some weeks after successful </td> </tr> </table> Hirschsprung's Disease, Surgical diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1402?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310996990.jpg" alt="Hirschsprung's Disease" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Hirschsprung's disease is a congenital one, which occurs as the result of missing nerve cells in the muscles of a portion of the baby's colon. This disease affects the large intestine ــ also called the colon ــ and causes problems with passing stool.Children with this disease may have problems absorbing nutrients from food, or they could be constipated. Mild cases of </td> </tr> </table> Tonsillitis, Infectious diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1399?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310910176.jpg" alt="Tonsillitis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Tonsillitis is a viral or bacterial infection of the tonsils, causing them to swell and become painful.Viral infections are more common and treated with over the counter medications of sore throat.Antibiotics are needed when bacterial infections occur, which are less common. Previously, surgical removal was the common treatment for tonsillitis recurrences; but nowadays, it </td> </tr> </table> Hoarding, Psychiatric diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1398?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310979984.jpg" alt="Hoarding" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The excessive collection of items and the inability to discard them is called hoarding. Usually, hoarding creates cramped living conditions, in which homes could be filled to capacity, with only narrow pathways winding through stacks of clutter. Some people may also collect animals and keep dozens or hundreds of pets in unsanitary conditions.Also called compulsive hoarding and </td> </tr> </table> Mitral Valve Regurgitation, Cardiovascular diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1396?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310888545.jpg" alt="Mitral Valve Regurgitation" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> When the heart's mitral valve doesn't close tightly, allowing blood to flow backward in the heart, mitral valve regurgitation or mitral regurgitation happens. During a normal heartbeat, the mitral valve which is located between the heart's two left chambers, allows blood to flow forward through the heart. Mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence is yet another name of mitral </td> </tr> </table> Mitral Valve Stenosis, Cardiovascular diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1394?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310807253.jpg" alt="Mitral Valve Stenosis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The condition in which the heart's mitral valve is narrowed is called mitral valve stenosis or mitral stenosis. Obstructing blood flow through the heart and from the heart to the rest of the body, this narrowing blocks the valve from opening properly. Mitral valve stenosis can make a person short of breath and tired in addition to other problems.A childhood infection called </td> </tr> </table> Migraine, Neurological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1392?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1311593575.jpg" alt="Migraine" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The chronic headaches that can cause significant pain for hours or even days are called migraines. Sometimes all the patient can think about is finding a dark, quiet place to lie down when the symptoms are so severe.Tingling in the arm or leg, blind spots or flashes of light are some of the sensory warning signs or symptoms that some migraines are preceded or accompanied by. </td> </tr> </table> Migraine with Aura, Neurological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1390?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310560764.jpg" alt="Migraine with Aura" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> A variety of mostly visual sensations that accompany or come before the pain of migraine attack - a condition called migraine with aura, are experienced by some people who get migraines.A migraine with aura is most often characterized by visual disturbances such as zigzagging patterns, flashes of light or even blind spots. However, other sensations like tingling or numbness </td> </tr> </table> Mesothelioma, Other Diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1388?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310475196.jpg" alt="Mesothelioma" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The rare cancer that occurs in the thin layer of tissue that covers the majority of the internal organs is called malignant mesothelioma.Based on what part of the mesothelium is affected, mesothelioma is divided into different types that include the following:Mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis:This type occurs in the </td> </tr> </table> Muscular Dystrophy, Bones, joints, muscles diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1385?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310391773.jpg" alt="Muscular Dystrophy" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The group of inherited muscle diseases in which muscle fibers are unusually susceptible to damage is called muscular dystrophy . Progressively, muscles, mainly voluntary ones, become weaker. Muscle fibers are often replaced by fat and connective tissue in the late stages of muscular dystrophy. Some types of muscular dystrophy affect heart muscles, other organs and other involuntary muscles. </td> </tr> </table> Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Bones, joints, muscles diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1384?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310383905.jpg" alt="Myofascial Pain Syndrome" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The chronic form of muscle pain is referred to as myofascial pain syndrome. Trigger points are the sensitive points in the muscles around which the pain of myofascial pain syndrome centers. The pain can spread throughout the affected muscle. These trigger points can be painful when touched.From time to time, nearly everyone experiences muscle pain that generally resolves in a few </td> </tr> </table> Myocarditis, Cardiovascular diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1383?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310373948.jpg" alt="Myocarditis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The inflammation of the myocardium, the middle layer of the heart wall, is called myocarditis. A variety of signs and symptoms that include chest pain and abnormal heart rhythms can be caused by this uncommon condition.The pumping action of the heart will weaken, and the heart won't be able to supply the rest of the body with enough blood in case myocarditis becomes severe. </td> </tr> </table> Multiple System Atrophy (MSA), Neurological diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1380?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310299808.jpg" alt="Multiple System Atrophy (MSA)" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The rare neurological disorder that impairs the body's involuntary functions such as digestion, heart rate, blood pressure and bladder function is known as multiple system atrophy , formerly called Shy-Drager syndrome. This condition shares many Parkinson's disease-like symptoms, like poor balance, slowness of movement and muscle rigidity.Multiple system atrophy affects </td> </tr> </table> Multiple Myeloma, Blood diseases and tumors http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1378?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310203973.jpg" alt="Multiple Myeloma" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell present in the bone marrow, is called multiple myeloma. To help the body fight infections, plasma cells normally make proteins called antibodies.The number of plasma cells are raised to a higher than normal level in multiple myeloma, which is due to the multiplication of a group of abnormal plasma cells called myeloma cells. </td> </tr> </table> Anorexia Nervosa, Psychiatric diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1376?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1310027997.jpg" alt="Anorexia Nervosa" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that causes people to obsess about their weight and the food they eat. People with anorexia nervosa attempt to maintain a weight that's far below normal for their age and height. To prevent weight gain or to continue losing weight, people with anorexia nervosa may starve themselves or exercise excessively.Anorexia nervosa isn't really </td> </tr> </table> Myoclonus, Bones, joints, muscles diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1374?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309959374.jpg" alt="Myoclonus" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> A quick, involuntary muscle jerk is referred to as myoclonus. For instance, the sudden jerks, or "sleep starts," that one may experience just before falling asleep are a form of myoclonus and so are hiccups. These forms of myoclonus rarely present a problem and they occur in healthy people.An underlying medical condition such as a reaction to a medication or a head injury </td> </tr> </table> Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea, Digestive diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1372?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309946189.jpg" alt="Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Antibiotic-associated diarrhea describes frequent, watery bowel movements that occur in response to medications used to treat bacterial infections .Most often, antibiotic-associated diarrhea is mild and clears up shortly after stopping the antibiotic. But in some cases, antibiotic-associated diarrhea leads to colitis, an inflammation of the colon, or a more serious form of colitis </td> </tr> </table> Ankylosing Spondylitis, Bones, joints, muscles diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1370?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309859547.jpg" alt="Ankylosing Spondylitis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that can cause some of the vertebrae in the spine to fuse together. This fusing makes the spine less flexible and can result in a hunched-forward posture. A severe case of ankylosing spondylitis can make it impossible for someone to lift the head high enough to see forward.Ankylosing spondylitis affects men more often than women. </td> </tr> </table> Myelofibrosis, Blood diseases and tumors http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1368?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309787608.jpg" alt="Myelofibrosis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The serious bone marrow disorder that disrupts the body's normal production of blood cells is called myelofibrosis. Weakness, severe anemia, fatigue, and often, an enlarged liver and spleen, are caused by the extensive scarring in the bone marrow that results from myelofibrosis.This condition is also called agnogenic myeloid metaplasia or idiopathic myelofibrosis. Although it </td> </tr> </table> MRSA Infection (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection), Infectious diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1366?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309777860.jpg" alt="MRSA Infection (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection)" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The Staphylococcus aureus bacteria that are usually called "staph" cause the condition called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which can be fatal. The bacteria mentioned above is a strain of staph that's resistant to the broad-spectrum antibiotics commonly used to treat it.In hospitals or other health care settings such as dialysis centers and nursing </td> </tr> </table> Mouth Cancer, Mouth and teeth diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1364?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309765784.jpg" alt="Mouth Cancer" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The cancer that develops in any of the parts that make up the mouth is referred to as mouth cancer. On the roof and floor of the mouth, gums, inside lining of the cheeks, tongue and lips are some of the places that mouth cancer can occur.Oral cavity cancer or oral cancer is what the cancer that occurs on the inside of the mouth is sometimes called.One of several types </td> </tr> </table> Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Blood diseases and tumors http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1362?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309698411.jpg" alt="Myelodysplastic Syndromes" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The group of disorders that are caused by poorly formed or dysfunctional blood cells is called myelodysplastic syndromes. When something goes wrong in the bone marrow, the spongy material inside the bones where blood cells are made, myelodysplastic syndromes occurs.Myelodysplastic syndromes have no cure. Preventing or reducing complications of the disease and of treatments is the </td> </tr> </table> Myasthenia Gravis, Immune diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1360?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309681967.jpg" alt="Myasthenia Gravis" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Weakness and fatigue of any of the muscles under one's voluntary control characterize myasthenia gravis. A breakdown in the normal communication between nerves and muscles is the cause of myasthenia gravis.Signs and symptoms such as drooping eyelids, double vision, weakness of arm or leg muscles, and difficulties with breathing, swallowing, chewing and speech may be relieved by </td> </tr> </table> Munchausen Syndrome, Psychiatric diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1357?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309611018.jpg" alt="Munchausen Syndrome" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> The serious mental disorder in which someone with a deep need for attention pretends to be sick or gets sick or injured on purpose is called Munchausen syndrome. In their effort to win sympathy and concern, people with Munchausen syndrome may try to rig laboratory test results, make up symptoms or push for risky operations.A member of a group of conditions called factitious </td> </tr> </table> Metabolic Syndrome, Endocrine and metabolic diseases http://www.epharmapedia.com/diseases/profile/1356?lang=en <table/> <tr> <td> <img src="http://www.epharmapedia.com/img/diseases/thum/1309598321.jpg" alt="Metabolic Syndrome" width="70" height="65" /> </td> <td> Abnormal cholesterol levels, excess body fat around the waist, increased blood pressure or elevated insulin levels that occur together, increasing one's risk of diabetes, stroke and heart disease, is the cluster of conditions called metabolic syndrome.Having just one of these conditions contributes to one's risk of a serious disease, though it isn't diagnosed as </td> </tr> </table>